Depression is more than just "the blues".
Depression is something that goes much deeper than the normal ups and
downs of life. Depression is a medical condition that negatively affects
how a person feels, thinks, and acts. The illness is an intense sadness
that, in addition to a variety of other crippling symptoms, lasts for
more than a couple of weeks. It is a serious health problem that can alter
a person's behavior, physical health, appearance, academic performance,
and the ability to deal with everyday decisions.
People with anxiety disorders frequently suffer
from depression or symptoms of depression.
There are many types of depression. To be accurately
diagnosed talk to your physician or a mental health professional. A combination
of therapy and medication works to alleviate the effects of depression.
Below are some common types of depression.
Bipolar Disorder (Manic-Depressive Illness)
Seasonal Affective Disorder
Bipolar Disorder (Manic-Depressive
Bipolar disorder involves an alternating pattern of emotional highs and
lows. The severity of this condition ranges from mild to very serious.
· Feelings of extreme happiness, optimism and inflated self-esteem
alternating with extreme feelings of sadness, anxiety, guilt or hopelessness
· Rapid speech, racing thoughts, agitation and increased physical
· Poor judgment and reckless behavior
· Trouble sleeping
· Difficulty concentrating/easily distracted
· Changes in sleep patterns and eating habits
· Fatigue and loss of interest in daily activities
· Persistent thoughts of suicide
· Extreme irritability
Dysthymia lasts for at least two years. With this type of depression,
victims are usually able to function in life without being hospitalized.
· Poor school/work performance
· Withdrawal from social activities
· Extreme irritability/hostility
· Problems with family and friends
· Irregularity of body processes
· Sleep irregularities
· Parents who have major depression
Seasonal Affective Disorder
Seasonal affective disorder affects people around the approach of winter,
when the days are getting shorter. This type of depression is an extreme
instance of the "winter blues" that is mitigated during the
spring and summer.
· Symptoms of depression occurring regularly during fall or winter
months (changes in sleeping and eating habits; reoccurring sad, anxious
or "empty" moods; loss of interest in activities once enjoyed)
· Relief of depression in spring and summer months
· Symptoms occurring in past two years, with no non-seasonal depression
· Seasonal occurrences greatly outnumber non-seasonal depression
· Craving sugary or starchy foods.
"Depression is a medical condition
that negatively affects how a person feels, thinks, and acts."
"To be accurately diagnosed talk
to your physician or a mental health professional."
"Bipolar disorder involves an alternating
pattern of emotional highs and lows."